Doha Agreement Afghanistan

7 Dec

The U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan has warned that a peace deal could risk the Taliban`s return to power, as did the 1973 Paris peace agreement, which defeated the U.S.-backed South Vietnamese government in the Sigons case. [29] [30] Pakistan warned that rising tensions in the Gulf region following the assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani could affect the already delayed peace process between the United States and Afghanistan. [31] Wednesday`s agreement sets out the way forward for further talks, but it is seen as a step forward in that it allows negotiators to move on to more substantive issues, including ceasefire talks. After months of talks in Doha, the capital of Qatar, the agreement is being negotiated by the United States. In Afghanistan, both sides are still at war and Taliban attacks on government forces continue unabated. “The agreement reflects a common determination by the parties to reach a negotiated solution. This is an important development that contributes to the success of the internal negotiations that we all hope for,” he said. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the “Afghanistan Peace Agreement.” [95] The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.

[96] The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments. [7] The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days[97] and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020. [98] Ideological differences have created problems, especially human rights. The 2004 Afghan Constitution protects women`s rights, such as language and education, as well as freedom of the press, including freedom of expression,[20] both oppressed under the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Khalilzad, Ghani, Abdullah and several other senior Afghan officials all said that these rights should be protected[21] [22] [23] and not sacrificed in a peace agreement. [24] Afghanistan`s first lady, Rula Ghani, is committed to protecting women`s rights. [25] Afghan journalists have called for the press to be protected in all possible peace agreements. [26] Despite the peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban, insurgent attacks against Afghan security forces have reportedly intensified in the country.

In the 45 days following the agreement (between March 1 and April 15, 2020), the Taliban carried out more than 4,500 attacks in Afghanistan, an increase of more than 70% over the same period last year. [108] More than 900 Afghan security forces were killed during this period, compared to about 520 in the same period the previous year. Meanwhile, as a result of the agreement, the number of offensives and airstrikes by Afghan and U.S. forces against the Taliban has decreased significantly, from about 1,660 in the same period last year.